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Full text of "Adventures in reading"

THE UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA 
LIBRARY EXTENSION PUBLICATION 

VOL. 1 JANUARY, 1 9 3 5 NO. 2 



ADVENTURES IN READING 

SEVENTH SERIES 
CURRENT BOOKS, 1934 

CORNELIA SPENCER LOVE 




CHAPEL HILL MCMXXXV 
THE UNIVERSITY OP NORTH CAROLINA PRESS 



EXTENSION BULLETINS 
BIOGRAPHY SERIES 
Vol. VIII, No. 2. Other People's Lives, First Series. 1927-1928. Cornelia 
Spencer Love. 

Vol. X, No. 6. Other People's Lives, Second Series. 1929-1930. Cornelia 
Spencer Love. 

Vol. XII, No. 2. Famous Women of Yesterday and Today. Cornelia 
Spencer Love. 

Vol. XIII, No. 2. Other People's Lives, Third Series. 1932-1933. Cornelia 
Spencer Love. 

Vol. X, No. 8. Studies in Confederate Leadership. Fletcher M. Green. 
Vol. XI, No. 5. Heroes of the American Revolution. Fletcher M. Green. 
Vol. XI, No. 8. The Romance of the Western Frontier. F. M. Green. 

ADVENTURES IN READING SERIES 
1926-1933 

Vol. VII, No. 2. Adventures in Reading, First Series: Current Books, 

1926-1927. Russell Potter. 
Vol. VIII, No. 10. Adventures in Reading, Second Series: Current Books, 

1928-1929. Russell Potter. 
Vol. X, No. 1. Adventures in Reading, Third Series: Current Books, 1929- 

1930. Marjorie N. Bond and Richmond P. Bond. 
Vol. XI, No. 1. Adventures in Reading, Fourth Series: Current Books, 

1930- 1931. Marjorie N. Bond and Richmond P. Bond. 

Vol. XII, No. 6. Adventures, in Reading, Fifth Series: Current Books, 

1931- 1932. Marjorie N. Bond. 

Vol. XIII, No. 5. Adventures in Reading, Sixth Series: Current Books, 
1933. Marjorie N. Bond. 

STUDY COURSES RELATING TO FOREIGN STUDY AND TRAVEL 
Vol. V, No. 5. Studies in the History of Contemporary Europe. Chester 
P. Higby. 

Vol. X, No. 10. Books of Travel Revised Edition. Urban T. Holmes, Jr. 
Vol. VI, No. 3. Modern French Art. Russell Potter. 

Vol. VIII, No. 11. A Study of South America. W. W. Pierson, Jr., and 
Cornelia S. Love. 

Vol. VIII, No. 9. Contemporary Spanish Literature in English Translation 

Agatha Boyd Adams and Nicholson B. Adams. 
Vol. IX, No. 7. The French Novel in English Translation. U. T. Holmes, Jr. 
Vol. XI, No. 2. The Far East, with Special Reference to China, its Culture, 

Civilization, and History. James Alexander Robertson. 
Vol. XII, No. 1. Modern Russia. Eston E. Ericson and Ervid E. Ericson. 

A club may select any chapters from the various courses, making up 
a course to suit the individual needs of the club. 

The fee for such a combination would be the same as for registering 
for a single course. Write for registration terms. 



Copyright, 1935, Br 
The University of North Carolina Press 



THE UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA 
LIBRARY EXTENSION PUBLICATION 



ADVENTURES IN READING 

SEVENTH SERIES 
CURRENT BOOKS, 1934 



CORNELIA SPENCER LOVE 
Of the Library of the University of North Carolina 




Published four times a year, October, January, April, and July, 
by the University of North Carolina Press. Entered 
as second-class matter February 6, 1926, under 
the act of August th, 191t. 
Chapel HiU, Zf. C. 



THE UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA LIBRARY 
EXTENSION PUBLICATION 

Vol. I, No. 1. October, 1934. The Southern Garden. W. L. Hunt. 
Vol. I, No. 2. January, 1935. Adventures in Beading, Seventh Series. 
C. S'. Love. 



The reading courses of the University of North Carolina, formerly issued 
as University Extension Bulletins, are continued under a new series, 
Library Extension Publications. The following programs are in prepara- 
tion for 1934-1936: 

Europe in Transition,, by Phillips Russell. 

Below the Potomac, by Marjorie N. Bond. 

Twentieth Century English Literature, by Marjorie N. Bond. 

Other People's Lives, Fourth Series, by Cornelia Spencer Love. 

Musical Spotlights, by Adeline Denham McCall. 

Adventures in Beading, Eighth Series, by Marjorie N. Bond. 



There are 48 titles of the Extension Bulletin study courses now in use, a 
complete list of which is found on the inside back cover page. 



Terms: For a registration of $10.00, or $7.00 in North Carolina, ten copies 
of any one issue are supplied, and also all necessary references for the 
preparation of papers and discussions. All clubs pay transportation charges 
both ways on borrowed material. Additional copies of programs over ten 
are fifty cents each; twenty-five cents in North Carolina. For further 
information write to the University of North Carolina Library, Extension 
Department, Chapel Hill, N. C. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 



I. Novels of Character and Situation 5 

A Modern Tragedy, by Phyllis Bentley 
Private Worlds, by Phyllis Bottome 

II. America: Past Corruption and Future Hope 7 

Who Rules America? by John McConaughy 
On Our Way, by Franklin D. Roosevelt 

III. Soviet Russia: The Dark Side 9 

Escape from the Soviets, by Tatiana Tchernavin 
Winter in Moscow, by Malcolm Muggeridge 

IV. Soviet Russia: The Bright Side 11 

Woman in Soviet Russia, by Fannina W. Halle 
Duranty Reports Russia, by Walter Duranty 

V. English Country Life 13 

Flowering Thorn, by Margery Sharp 
The Claimants, by Archibald Marshall 

VI. Lee and Raleigh 15 

Robert E. Lee, by Robert W. Winston 
Ralegh and his World, by Irvin Anthony 

VII. Crimes and Cannibals 17 

Crime Reporter, by Georges Du Parcq 
Cannibal Quest, by Gordon Sinclair 

VIII. Dramatic Hits of 1933-34 19 

Men In White, by Sidney Kingsley 
Mary of Scotland, by Maxwell Anderson 

IX. Jews in History and in Fiction 21 

The Making of the Modern Jew, by Milton Steinberg 
The Oppermanns, by Lion Feuchtwanger 

X. Simplicity and Sophistication 23 

The Mother, by Pearl Buck 

The State Versus Elinor Norton, by Mary Roberts Rinehart 

XI. Handicapped Humanity 25 

Windows on Henry Street, by Lillian D. Wald 

It's a Small World, by Walter Bodin & Burnet Hershey 



4 



ADVENTURES IN READING 



XII. New Deals in Europe 27 

The New Deal in Europe, by Emil Lengyel 
The Native's Return, by Louis Adamic 

XIII. The Deep South 29 

Cinnamon Seed, by Hamilton Basso 
So Bed the Rose, by Stark Young 
Stars Fell on Alabama, by Carl Carmer 

XIV. Appreciation - of Art 32 

Fine Art, by H. S. Goodhart-Rendel 
Art and People, by Lockie Parker 
Modern Art, by Thomas Craven 

XV. The Wild West Not So Long Ago 35 

The Saga of the Comstock Lode, by George D. Lyman 
Take the Witness, by Alfred Cohn & Joe Chisholm 

Special Reference Bibliography 37 

Addresses of Publishers 39 

Additional Reference Bibliography 40 

Terms for the Course 42 

Schedule of Meetings 43 



CHAPTER I 



NOVELS OF CHARACTER AND SITUATION 

A Modern Tragedy by Phyllis Bentley is indeed a poignant 
tragedy, simply written, with no melodramatic appeal to the emo- 
tions, but describing the inevitable downfall of a weak character 
who yet holds the reader's sympathy. The West Riding of York- 
shire, England, during the depression years, is the scene of the 
story, which centers around Walter Haigh, a young man of honest 
and respected parentage, who becomes involved in the dishonest 
schemes of a textile mill owner. Ambitious to achieve and to marry 
the girl he loves, Walter closes his eyes to Leonard Tasker's dis- 
honesty and becomes his partner. From then on his moral disinte- 
gration is compellingly shown. Somewhat less convincing is the 
secret love cherished by his strong sister Rosamond for the powerful 
Tasker. It is interesting to compare textile conditions in England 
during their hard times with those existing in manufacturing towns 
in North Carolina. 

Another Englishwoman named Phyllis writes an excellent novel 
in Private Worlds, but one with an entirely different setting and 
cast of characters. The forbidden, the unknown, always is fasci- 
nating, and and what could be more remote and unapproachable 
territory for the ordinary reader than a hospital for the mentally 
defective? Against the background of a big psychopathic hospital 
for men and women, three doctors — two men and one woman — are 
shown in various crises of their professional and private lives. The 
patients play an important part, too, and the descriptions of their 
actions and feelings sound scientifically and psychologically correct. 
Young Dr. Macgregor does not always ring quite as true. His lack 
of good sportsmanship in his profession, his infatuation for the 
treacherous Myra — in spite of great devotion to his bride — are hard 
to understand. More natural is Sally Macgregor 's hidden jealousy, 
not of the vamp Myra, but of the co-worker and partner, Jane 
Everest. 



6 



ADVENTURES IN READING 



Subjects for Study 

1. A Modern Tragedy, by Phyllis Bentley 

a. Tell the story of Walter Haigh, and of the lives that 
his touched on. 

b. Whom do you consider the strongest character in the 
book? 

c. Discuss differences and similarities between English 
and southern mill workers. 

d. Read the Epilogue. 
Additional References: 

Bentley, Phyllis. Carr; Inheritance; Spinner of the Years. 

2. Private Worlds, by Phyllis Bottome 

a. The hospital and the patients. 

b. The three doctors and their interrelations. 

c. Story of Myra. 

d. Story of Sally. 

e. Does Dr. Jane Everest seem convincing as a woman? 



CHAPTER II 



AMERICA: PAST CORRUPTION AND FUTURE HOPE 

John McConaughy's Who Rules America is a study of graft 
and political corruption in the federal government, showing that 
the people have been betrayed by the powers of greed and organ- 
ized wealth since the earliest days of the Republic. "Back of the 
ideals of a Washington, back of the passionate democracy of the 
much maligned Aaron Burr, back of Jefferson, back of Lincoln, 
back of all our great figures, has lurked the figure of greed ready 
to smash through and rob our people." For practically every graft 
in the present a parallel is found in the past. The book is all of 
one color, black, but it does enable us to feel that the revelations 
of recent iniquity are not unprecedented, and perhaps that may be 
of some help in dealing with the present situation. 

To turn to a brighter picture, President Roosevelt's On Our 
Way sets forth through his speeches and executive orders the 
fundamentals of his planning for national recovery, making clear 
that "all of the proposals and all of the legislation since the Fourth 
Day of March have not been just a collection of haphazard schemes, 
but rather the orderly component parts of a connected logical 
whole." Charles Merz says, "The essentially experimental char- 
acter of the administration's program stands out unmistakably in 
the record of this first adventurous year. No less evident is the 
genius of the President both for invention and for compromise, his 
obvious devotion to his task, his high spirits and his untiring 
courage." 

Subjects for Study 
1. Who Rules Americaf by John McConaughy 

a>. The Funding Fathers — Tammany to the rescue. 

b. The second great betrayal — Jackson slays "The Monster." 

c. Pay-day, 1837 — Coming of the storm — Sack of a nation. 

d. "Inevitable economic tendency." 

e. Lincoln Colcord's summary of the author and his book 



8 



ADVENTURES IN READING 



2. On Our Way, by Franklin D. Roosevelt 

a. Read either a whole chapter or a few selected speeches 
and messages. 

b. Comment on "The prose style in which Mr. Roosevelt 
expresses himself is perfectly suited to the kind of 
leadership which he exercises." 

Additional References: 

Lorentz, Pare. The Roosevelt Year: a Photographic Record. 
Unofficial Observer. The New Dealers. 



CHAPTER III 

SOVIET RUSSIA, THE DARK SIDE 

The New York Times critic characterizes Escape From the 
Soviets, by Tatiana Tchernavin, and Winter in Moscow, by Malcolm 
Muggeridge, as "the most remarkable books about Soviet Russia 
which have yet appeared in this country." The books are poles 
apart in tone, but both of them grip and stir the reader, the one, 
by its simple, unadorned story of the suffering of one family, the 
other by its witty, devastating criticism. 

Madame Tchernavin and her husband were Russians of the 
intellectual class, she a teacher, later a museum curator, and he a 
university professor of science. They strove honestly to serve the 
Soviet Government, but their utmost efforts could barely eke out 
an existence for themselves and their young son, and soon this 
comparative paradise was taken away from them. They were ar- 
rested by the OGPU agents and separately imprisoned — the boy 
left to shift for himself — during that campaign of terrorism begun 
in 1930 against the intellectuals and deliberately designed to wipe 
out the most valuable and necessary group in all Russia. The story 
of the family's escape, their desperate trek through the Arctic 
marshes and forests across the border into Finland, is a minor 
epic of human fortitude and devotion. Yet with all the terrible 
story she is telling, Madame Tchernavin writes in an incredibly 
temperate mood, with a moderation, a patient, intelligent reason- 
ableness, that carries sincerity in every line. 

Mr. Muggeridge, correspondent to the Manchester Guardian, 
makes no attempt to be dispassionate about the great Russian 
experiment. He frankly expresses his dislike of it in a series of 
ironic sketches in which he is both novelist and reporter. "The 
episodes in my book," he says, "are truth imaginatively expressed, 
and the characters real people imaginatively described." With pen 
dipped in acid he attacks the Russian officials ; the taken-in travel- 
ers — the Shaws and Passfields — who see only what the Soviets 
want them to see and return home to sing their praises ; the army 
of correspondents, who dare not write the truth because of a heavy 
censorship. The truth of the famine, of the fear under which the 



10 



ADVENTURES IN READING 



Russian lives— fear of the OGPU, fear of talking to strangers, 
fear of admitting the truth to his own kind lest there be a traitor 
among them. Mr. Muggeridge himself could not write his book 
until he returned to England. 

Subjects for Study 
1. Escape From the Soviets, by Tatiana Tchernavin 

a. The Tchernavins under the Bolsheviks. 

b. "Burn everything"— The end of family life— Alone. 

c. Parcels for the prisoners— Cross-examination— Arrest 
— Pigeons. 

d. The visit — Plan to escape. 

e. On the way— Lost— At death's door— Back to civilization. 

/. The book could be powerfully presented by the read- 
ing of consecutive excerpts, connected by explanatory 
narrative. 

Additional References : 

Tchirikova, Olga. Sandrik: Child of Russia. 
Tolstoy, Alexandra. I worked for the Soviet. 

2. Winter in Moscow, by Malcolm Muggeridge. 

a, Give thumbnail sketches of certain Soviet officials. 

b. Of certain correspondents and professional "authorities." 
c The censorship of the former and the duping of the 

later. 

d. Existing conditions in Russia— Famine— Official con- 
trol. 

e. Does the picture seem too black? Is the sternness of 
the Soviet Government necessary? Must Russia be cru- 
cified now for her own future good? 

Read two or three of the scenes, such as those of the 
peasant woman and Comrade Babel; Anna Mikhailova; 
Pye in the dead village; Dr. Dyvov, the dentist. 
Additional References : 

Durstine, R. S. Red Thunder. 

Eddy, G. S. Russia Today. 

Monkhouse, Allan. Moscow, 1911-1983. 



CHAPTER IV 



SOVIET RUSSIA, THE BRIGHT SIDE 

We are accustomed to hearing from many people snap judg- 
ments and criticisms of the Soviet system, the lack of freedom of 
the individual, his submergence in the state, the poverty and famine. 
But no one has a right to form opinions of a foreign country, com- 
posed of people of a temperament entirely alien to Americans, and 
with a previous history as alien, without understanding what enor- 
mous progress they have made in a relatively short time, without 
reading many books on Russia and then trying to sift them to form 
an unbiased — if hazy — conception of the whole country. 

One of the most encouraging books is Eannina W. Halle's 
Woman in Soviet Russia, which shows that in some respects Russian 
women have attained a freedom far beyond the present reach of 
their American sisters. They actually do seem to possess perfect 
equality with men. They can hold the same jobs, receive the same 
pay, and make their voices equally potent in the Party. In their 
personal lives they have freedom to marry or not to marry, to 
divorce, to bear or not to bear children. What more could women 
ask for? The account of the hospitals, doctors — both men and 
women — Prophylactoria, care of mothers, is a revelation of scien- 
tific efficiency. What if the book does paint too bright a scene, if the 
Soviet institutions still fall far short of adequacy? Russia is on the 
way, and must be given time to work out her own salvation. 

A remarkable story of new Russia in the making, from its low 
tide in 1922 until the beginning of 1934, is told in Walter Duranty's 
Duranty Reports Russia, a selection of his despatches sent to the 
New York Times. It was not planned as a book, but it gains in 
historical interest through presentation of people and events as 
they were seen at the time, by a correspondent who has kept in 
check his own prejudices, antipathies and sympathies. He speaks 
of the problem of covering news in Soviet Russia. "It has been only 
too easy to paint the picture black, and a little harder, though easy 
enough, to paint it bright and rosy. Both are factually true and 
both are false, because no picture of a nation's life anywhere in the 
world can be accurate and honest without a blending of tones. The 



12 



ADVENTURES IN READING 



full picture balances errors and shortcomings by success and 
achievement. Truth is never so distorted as when it is divided. 
Part of the truth can be as deceiving as the worst of lies." It is 
interesting to see that Mr. Duranty ridicules the idea of Red 
propaganda abroad. He says that they have neither time, cash, nor 
energy for it, since "the Stalinist socialization of Russia demands 
three things, imperatively— every ounce of effort, every cent of 
money, and peace." 

Subjects for Study 
1. Woman in Soviet Russia, by Fannina W. Halle 

a. Women in ancient Russia— Dawn of a new age- 
Women in pre-revolutionary Russia. 

b. . The Revolution of 1917 and the liberation of women. 

c. The new sexual ethical code— Mother and child— Love, 
marriage, and the family. 

d. Prostitution— The Prophylactoria. 

e. Women in politics— In intellectual life— In production. 
/. Contrast the advantages and disadvantages, the gains 

and losses, of Soviet women. 
Additional Reference : 

Fokrovsky, M. N. Brief History of Russia. 

2. Duranty Reports Russia, by Walter Duranty 

a. A personal note about the author. 

b. Russia and Lenin. 

c. Russia and Stalin. 

d. The Five-Year Plan. 

e. Collectivization and the elimination of class distinctions. 
/. Russia's ledger: gain and cost. 

A dditional References : 

Barbusse, Henri. Stalm. 

Sholokhov, Mikhail. And Quiet Flows the Don. 
Wicksteed, Alexander. My Russian Neighbors. 



CHAPTER V 



ENGLISH COUNTRY LIFE 

Both of the novels to be considered in this chapter deal with 
modern life against a background of beautiful English countryside. 
One of the authors, though of the old school, concerns himself 
more particularly with plot. The younger writer, described by a 
critic as "a Bright Young Person herself," is chiefly interested in 
the development of character. 

Margery Sharp's Flowering Thorn threatens and then skilfully 
avoids two of the stereotyped situations dear to novelists. The 
beginning promises only another sophisticated cocktail rout, with 
the heroine skimming lightly from party to party, from one affair 
to another. Then suddenly on an impulse she adopts a little boy, 
finds her London life impossible under these conditions, and departs 
abruptly for the country. Here we might expect an increasingly 
sentimental situation, thwarted mother love finding an outlet, ador- 
ing child, etc., etc. But nothing of the sort happens. Lesley con- 
tinues to do her duty only because she is made of the very best 
stuff, and her eventual pride in the boy, attachment to her cottage, 
and fondness for the people surrounding her, are the valid fruit 
of her "definite feeling in favour of holding on." Humor plays an 
important part throughout the book, particularly in some never-to- 
be-forgotten scenes. What could be richer than Lesley's first — and 
last — house party, Pat's first — but not last — spanking, and the 
conversations of Mrs. Sprigg? 

In Archibald Marshall's The Claimants young Sir Piers Johnne 
had just succeeded to the title and estate of Shawn, when a stranger 
appears who claims to be the older brother — supposedly dead for 
thirty years — of Piers' father, and a long, involved trial follows. 
Archibald Marshall was recently given an honorary degree at Yale 
because he had "so upheld the mirror to the life and manners of 
his own countrymen that we across the sea know and love them." 
His earlier novels were strongly suggestive of Anthony Trollope, 
both in style and setting. The Claimants maintains the same quiet 
dignified mode of writing, but its theme, based on an actual case, 
deals with more exciting material. 



14 



ADVENTURES IN READING 



Subjects for Study 

1. Flowering Thorn, by Margery Sharp 

a. Outline the story, contrasting Lesley's London sur- 
roundings and the White Cottage. 

b. What are the chief factors in her surrender to the 
country? 

c. Does her treatment of Patrick seem entirely natural? 

d. Describe the visit from her London friends. 

e. Characterize Mrs. Sprigg, the Pomfrets, Florrie. 
Additional References: 

Sharp, Margery. Fanfare for Tin Trumpets; Rhododendron Pie. 

2. The Claimants, by Archibald Marshall 

a. Summarize the plot. 

b. Discuss the denouement. 

c. Does Marshall's old-fashioned, leisurely style appeal 
to readers now? 

Additional References : 

Archibald Marshall's earlier novels, of which probably the best is the 
Chronicles of the Clintons series: The Squire's Daughter; The Eldest Son; 
The Honour of the Clintons; The Old Order Chang eth; The Clintons, and 
Others. 

Marshall, Archibald. Out and About, Random Reminiscences. (Auto- 
biography published this fall.) 



CHAPTER VI 



LEE AND RALEIGH 

Called by the critics "one of the best books about Lee" and 
"a fine piece of work" is this comprehensive and well-rounded 
Robert E. Lee, written by Judge Robert W. Winston. He seems to 
have caught the spirit of the times, the family relationships, the 
attitudes of North and South. Full justice is done to Lee the 
General, to his campaigns and military strategy, but it is acutely 
painful to read about the Civil War, no matter how well described. 
The parts of the book which call for rereading are the chapters 
telling of Lee's early life, his character and opinions, and then 
after Appomattox, when the gallant old soldier started life all over 
again. Many anecdotes add greatly to the charm of the book. 

Traveling back a few hundred years to quite a different sort of 
warrior, Irvin Anthony gives us Ralegh and His World. Soldier, 
courtier, scholar, inventor, historian, colonizer, statesman, poet — 
Sir Walter Raleigh was all of these, and a life of him necessarily 
includes a picture of the Tudor and Stuart reigns in which he rose, 
flourished, and fulfilled his tragic destiny. The author is frankly 
a partisan of his picturesque hero. He does not "whitewash" him, 
but in the treatment of certain episodes of his career which cast 
shadows on Raleigh's memory, he has the benefit of a distinctly 
friendly judge. Throughout his life Raleigh remained the gallant 
Elizabethan gentleman. Touching are his last lines, found after his 
death scribbled in his Bible: 

"Even such is time, that takes on trust, 
Our youth, our joys, our all we have, 
And pays us but with age and dust; 
Who in the dark and silent grave, 
When we have wandered all our ways, 
Shuts up the story of our days ! 
But from the earth, this grave, this dust, 
The Lord shall raise me up, I trust!" 



16 



ADVENTURES IN READING 



Subjects for Study 

1. Robert E. Lee, by Robert W. Winston 

a. Ancestors — Education — Life at Arlington. 

b. Mexican War — Border troubles. 

c. Secession — Conflicting loyalties — War begins. 

d. Lee and the Civil War. 

e. Beginning life again. 
/. Lee's character. 

Additional References ; 

Bradford, Gamaliel. Lee the American. 

Shanks, H. T. The Secession Movement in Virginia, 1847-1861. 

2. Ralegh and his World, by Irvin Anthony 

a. England and America during Raleigh's lifetime. 

b. Sketch the main events of his life. 

c. Read one or two of the finer passages, such as the 
funeral of Queen Elizabeth, the repulse of the Armada, 
the death of Raleigh. 

Additional Reference: 

Davis, W. S. Life in Elizabethan Days. 



CHAPTER VII 



CRIMES AND CANNIBALS 

The Paris underworld, Apaches, the penal settlements in Guiana 
and the human monsters such as Landru make Crime Reporter a 
real thriller. It is also illuminating in several ways: in demon- 
strating the extreme efficiency of the Paris police, the marked 
difference in their methods from their British and American coun- 
terparts, the extent to which Paris is an international happy hunt- 
ing ground. Crooks from all over the world congregate there. It 
is a center for spies, jewel thieves, demi-mondaines and white slave 
traffickers. It is also a vacation resort for kings and princes — 
a place where they can assume a convenient incognito and throw 
convention and decorum to the winds. Some of the most acute 
problems of the Paris police lie in the necessity for guarding and 
protecting these exalted ones, often against their wills. Georges 
Du Parcq writes with authority. He had the Paris Police Head- 
quarters assignment for twenty-five years, working for various great 
French newspapers, and during the war he was in the Intelligence 
Department of the army. 

Seated in our comfortable armchairs we can flit from Paris to 
New Guinea in two gestures. The remote corners of the world have 
been so assiduously explored by seekers of adventure that it is hard 
to realize that in 1934 such strange peoples and customs can still 
exist as are brought to light in Gordon Sinclair's Cannibal Quest. 
In the interior of New Guinea, Bali, Borneo, he finds unbelievable 
practices, superstitions and moralities, voodoo, black magic, and 
cannibal lore. We wonder at Sinclair's hardihood, his iron consti- 
tution and digestion, no less than at his tales. 

Subjects for Study 

1. Crime Reporter, by Georges Du Parcq 

a. Either summarize each chapter or select several for 
detailed description. 



18 



ADVENTURES IN READING 



A dditional Refe renc es : 

Allison-Booth, W. E. Hell's Outpost: the True Story of Devil's Island. 
Coulson, Thomas. Mata Hari. 

Gribble, L. R. Famous Feats of Detection and Deduction. 

2. Cannibal Quest, by Gordon Sinclair 

a. Outline Sinclair's trip, characterizing the different 
islands at which he stopped. 

b. Describe some of the strange natives and stranger cus- 
toms. 

c. Read selected passages. The book could almost be 
opened at random for this. 

Additional Reference: 

Sinclair, Gordon. Foot-loose in India. 



CHAPTER VIII 



DRAMATIC HITS OF 1933-34 

In a season following similar seasons of many dramatic failures 
and few successes, Sidney Kingsley's Men in White and Maxwell 
Anderson's Mary of Scotland stand out as undoubted hits, both 
from an artistic and a box-office point of view. The one is staccato, 
scientific, up-to-date; the other a romantic and poetic re-creation of 
that unfortunate figure of history, Mary Queen of Scots. 

Men in White, Pulitzer prize-winner, deals with the medical 
profession, with the doctors and nurses who meet its stern demands, 
no compromises accepted. Although the conflict between the young 
doctor and his fiancee forms the climax of the action, it is essentially 
a masculine play, centering in the self-abnegation of the scientist, 
his absorption in his calling, beside which a personal life plays a 
small and unimportant part. 

Mary of Scotland is a dramatization of the life of Mary Stuart, 
from the dark night when she landed on Scottish soil until the 
time of her imprisonment in Carlisle Castle. The idea of Mary 
which the drama conveys is of a charming woman, every inch a 
queen, fighting first for her throne and then for her life. To quote 
Theatre Arts Monthly, "If the author's story is occasionally un- 
justifiable in the light of history, if Mary is painted somewhat too 
glowingly, if Both well is presented as a paragon, the objections are 
unimportant, for the play, read and seen, radiates beauty in con- 
ception, in characterization, in language." 

Subjects for Study 
1. Men in White, by Sidney Kingsley 

a. Give an outline of the play. 

b. Read selected passages, such as: From the beginning 
to Levine's exit; The first scene between Laura and 
Ferguson; Act I, Scene 3; Scene 4; Laura, Ferguson 
and Hochberg in Act II, Scene 2; The operation; 
Act III. 

c. Discuss the characters of Ferguson, Hochberg, Laura. 



20 



ADVENTURES IN READING 



2. Mary of Scotland, by Maxwell Anderson 

a. Read as much of the play as time permits. Act II 
might be summarized and omitted. 

Other plays of the year: 

Howard, Sidney, & De Kruif, Paul. Yellow Jack. A dramatization of 

the fight against yellow fever. 
Kirkland, Jack. Tobacco Road, from the novel by Erskine Caldwell. 

Powerful, unpleasant play of degenerate life among Georgia 

crackers. 

Winter, J. K. Shining Hour. Delicately written English play of char- 
acter, revolving round marital misfits. 
Cohen, H. L., ed. One-act Plays by Modem Authors. 
Mantle, Burns, ed. Best Plays of 1933-34. 



CHAPTER IX 



JEWS IN HISTORY AND IN FICTION 

Milton Steinberg, brilliant young Rabbi of the Park Avenue 
Synagogue of New York, unfolds in The Making of the Modern 
Jew "a colorful pageant of Jews dispersed from their homeland, 
striking root here and there, winning to high places occasionally, 
always persecuted, taking refuge in an unbelievable medievalism, 
spurred on by false hopes in Heaven-sent messiahs, withstanding 
the cruelty of the Crusaders, making ghastly sacrifices, immersing 
themselves in tradition, wakening to the dawn of emancipation, 
wavering on the threshold between the old and the new, grasping 
the new avidly and trying to obviate the still prevailing prejudice 
of the Gentile by discarding the old completely. And finally, it 
shows them faced with failure, with the impossibility of assimila- 
tion and the probability of extinction, evolving new programs, re- 
colonizing the ancient homeland to serve as a cultural nucleus, 
making a last, desperate, effort to save themselves." It is a dra- 
matic story, presenting to Jew and Gentile alike the whole problem 
confronting the modern Jew. 

To bring this down to a specific instance, Lion Feuchtwanger's 
The Oppermanns illustrates, in the experience of a typical Jewish 
family living in Berlin, the position of the Jews in Germany during 
the last year. Feuchtwanger, now an exile from his native land, 
forsakes his former style of romantic historical novel to write a 
powerful, gripping appeal to the world in behalf of a declassed 
minority which has lost its right to the quiet enjoyment of life and 
liberty — to become a Jew grandly pleading the cause of his perse- 
cuted people. Through the lives of actual people, Gustav the 
dilettante, Martin the merchant, Liselotte his Nordic wife, Edgar 
the scientist, Ruth the Zionist, Berthold the student, Markus the 
clerk, is delivered a bitter denunciation of the present course of 
events in Germany. 

Subjects for Study 
1. The Making of the Modern Jew, by Milton Steinberg 

a. The medieval background. 

b. Transition. 



22 



ADVENTURES IN READING 



c. The modern scene. 

d. Character of the modern Jew. 

e. The Gentile's attitude toward him. Discuss: "The 
Christian world has alternately hated and idealized the 
Jew; it has never understood him." 

Additional References : 

Browne, Lewis. How Odd of God: an Introduction to the Jews. 
Ruppin, Arthur. The Jews in the Modern World. 

2. The Oppermanns, by Lion Feuchtwanger 

a. Read the "Author's Note." Sketch the life of the author. 

b. Give the story of the book, characterizing the different 
members of the family. 

c. Does it seem to be a fair picture of conditions in Ger- 
many? 

Additional References : 

Olden, Balder. Blood and Tears. 

Toller, Ernst. I Was a German. 

Wylie, I. A. R. To the Vmquished. 



CHAPTER X 



SIMPLICITY AND SOPHISTICATION 

The secret of Pearl Buck's art, of the great popularity of her 
books, is that while they are essentially concerned with the Chinese, 
and show the simple, intimate ways of Chinese peasant life, they 
are also universal. Her characters are first of all human beings, 
into whose joys and sorrows we can wholeheartedly enter. There 
is none of that strangeness, that difference of temperament, en- 
countered in some of the books about life in a foreign country — 
some of the Russian novels, for instance. 

The life of the "mother" is for the most part stark tragedy, 
reaching its culmination not in the husband's desertion, which, 
given his character, was more or less inevitable, but in the life of 
her "maid," the meek young daughter whose blindness possibly 
might have been cured, whose ultimate fate was so piteous. A 
master stroke is the ending, the old woman forgetting the heavy 
blows life had dealt her in joy over her first grandchild. 

There is never any "back to the soil" about Mary Roberts 
Rinehart's books, but she can always be depended on to tell a good 
story. The State Versus Elinor Norton is chiefly concerned with 
a woman's emotional destiny and the three men who had a share 
in it. She married one, loved another, was loved by the third. The 
plot, however, is subordinate to the psychological working out of 
the characters. Elinor's devotion to Blair, even after she knew 
how worthless he was, is somewhat comparable to Philip's obsession 
with Mildred, in Somerset Maugham's masterpiece Of Human 
Bondage. We are glad that both writers are sufficiently old- 
fashioned to permit a happy ending. 

Subjects for Study 
1. The Mother, by Pearl Buck 

a. Describe the farm, the farmhouse, the kitchen. 

b. The young mother, happy in her children and daily toil. 

c. The old woman — The husband. 

d. Give an outline of the story, with interpolated readings. 

e. Discuss Pearl Buck's "biblical" style. 



24 



ADVENTURES IN READING 



A dditional R eferenc es : 

Buck, Pearl. The Good Earth; Sons. 
Tretiakov, S. A Chinese Testament. 

2. The State Versus Elinor Norton, by Mary Roberts Rinehart 

a. Tell Elinor's story, in some fullness of detail. 

b. Characterize the three men. 

c. What do you think of the device of Carroll as narra- 
tor? Of the backward method of unravelling the plot? 



CHAPTER XI 



HANDICAPPED HUMANITY 

To get the proper perspective on Lillian D. Wald's Windows 
on Henry Street one should read first her House on Henry Street, 
which preceded it by twenty years, and shows the beginnings of 
the famous settlement house on New York's lower East Side. A 
"settlement" is superficially thought of as a home among the poor 
where charitable young women conduct classes and clubs for the 
neighborhood. Miss Wald's House is an amazing revelation of what 
such a place can really become — a center from which radiates and 
grows public health nursing, the United States Children's Bureau, 
playgrounds, summer camps, better conditions for workers, for 
the handicapped child, education in citizenship for the foreigner, 
training in the arts. The accomplishments of this noble woman and 
her helpers seem illimitable. To quote Alfred E. Smith, "Lillian D. 
Wald started as a nurse and developed into a statesman of society, 
whose influence exceeded the limits even of our nation. Out of the 
Windows on Henry Street she looked into the life of the under- 
privileged with the eyes of a prophetess and an artist, and the 
result is a book which touches the human heart and strengthens 
our faith in humanity." 

It's a Small World by Walter Bodin and Burnet Hershey deals 
with an extremely small proportion of the unfortunates of this 
world, whose troubles are none-the-less real, and practically irre- 
mediable. This book about midgets is a fascinating and unusual 
mixture of scientific fact and sensational information about a class 
of people of whom the average person knows little or nothing. 
First is an account of the ductless glands, the vagaries of which 
explain not only midgets but also giants such as Primo Camera, 
and other human abnormalities. Then the midgets, correctly pro- 
portioned miniatures of normal men and women, are described in 
all their aspects, with histories of the more famous midgets, from 
the earliest records down to the Midget Village at the Chicago Fair, 
not forgetting that Lya Graf who became nationally known in 1933 
when she perched herself on J. P. Morgan's knee. The book shows 
clearly and sympathetically the tragedies inherent in being a 



26 



ADVENTURES IN READING 



midget; the discomfort and even danger of adjustment in surround- 
ings made for much larger people, the humiliations and indignities 
suffered. This is further and exquisitely illustrated in Walter De La 
Mare's Memoirs of a Midget, a realistic portrait which is also a 
work of art. 

Subjects for Study 

1. Windows on Henry Street, by Lillian D. Wald 

a. The Settlement House. 

b. Beginning and growth of public health nursing. 

c. Education and the arts. 

d. The child and the law. 

e. Prohibition. 

/. Summary of accomplishments. 
Additional Reference ; 

Wald, L. D. The House on Henry Street. 

2. It's a Small World, by Walter Bodin and Burnet Hershey 

a. Midgets biologically explained. 

b. How they live. 

c. How they love and marry. 

d. Historical midgets. 

e. Midgets in America — Tom Thumb — Singer. 
Additional Reference: 

De La Mare, Walter. Memoirs of a Midget. 



CHAPTER XII 



NEW DEALS IN EUROPE 

Emil Lengyel's New Deal in Europe is a comparative study of 
the economic programs of Fascism in Italy, Nazism in Germany, 
and Communism in Russia, with a glance at Sweden's experiments 
in "doctored currency" and a comparison between what is going 
on in America and in Europe. "The New Deals of Europe are the 
products of an age of transition. The old system is rejected, because 
it failed to avert the disaster, and the new one is not yet fully 
accepted because man fears to face his fate. He is assailed by 
doubts, harassed by new inhibitions, he cannot find himself and his 
place in the sun. He needs strong men to show him the way in an 
unknown world and his strong men are as weak as he, groping in 
the dark and trying to keep up their courage by shouting defiance 
to the great unknown." Dr. Lengyel is a Hungarian Doctor of 
Laws who has lived in the United States for the last twelve years, 
writing on political and economic subjects. He gives a veracious 
and at the same time very dispassionate account of the historical, 
social, economic, and political forces that caused the upheavals in 
Europe. 

When Louis Adamic started to write The Native's Return he 
apparently intended it for a description-and-travel book about the 
inhabitants and scenery of a picturesque and charming but little- 
known part of Jugoslavia. As he met and won the confidence of 
more and more people, heard them tell of the treatment to which 
they were subjected, the slavery in which they lived, he became 
fired with a burning desire to help them, and his book turns into 
a powerful indictment of the dictator-tyrant, King Alexander. Now 
that Alexander has been suddenly put out of the way by the 
assassin he so much dreaded, it remains to be seen whether Adamic's 
"plain people" can succeed in gaining control of their government. 
Interesting as all this is, however, The Native's Return will be read 
and valued chiefly for its first half, for telling us about Carniola, 
and Galichnik, that "village of grass widows," for the stories of 
Uncle Yanez, Cousin Tone, and the legends of himself and "Mr. 



28 



ADVENTURES IN READING 



Gugnhaim." It has been said that "although his book may well 
make its author persona non grata with the Jugoslavian Govern- 
ment., it should certainly boom the Dalmatian tourist trade." 

Subjects for Study 

1. The New Deal in Europe, by Emil Lengyel 

a. What is Europe's "New Deal?" 

b. Italy and Mussolini. 

c. Germany and Hitler. 

d. Russia, the Soviets, and Stalin. 

e. Discuss policies in America in the light of what has 
been done in Europe. 

Additional References: 

Buell, R. L. New Governments in Europe: the Trend Toward Dictahi 
torship. 

Shuster, G. M. Strong Man, Rules: Interpretation of Germany Today. 

2. The Native's Return, by Louis Adamic 

a. Sketch of the author. 

6. Home again in Carniola — His mother — Cousin Tone — 
Uncle Yanez — "Mr. Guggenheim and I." 

c. Coast and mountain regions. 

d. Belgrade and Croatia. 

e. Political situation in Jugoslavia — King Alexander. 

Additional References: 

Adamic, Louis. Laughing in the Jungle: the Autobiography of an 

Immigrant in America. 
Adamic, Louis. Dynamite: the Story of Class Violence in America. 



CHAPTER XIII 



THE DEEP SOUTH 

I do not know whether Mr. Mencken can claim the credit, but 
in the last decade the South has left his "Bozart of the Sahara" far 
behind. Ranked among the best fiction writers of the day are 
William Faulkner, Erskine Caldwell, T. S. Stribling, Caroline 
Miller, and Thomas Wolfe, and other names are fast being added. 
It happens that three recent books have their setting in three 
adjoining states of the Deep South, Louisiana, Mississippi, and 
Alabama. As genuine pictures of the South, avoiding the pitfalls 
of sentimentality on the one hand and debunkery on the other, 
they stand on a high level. In methods of treatment, plot and 
characterization, the books differ widely. 

The Louisiana book, Cinnamon Seed, by Hamilton Basso, has 
no particular plot, or closely woven story. It is predominantly a 
novel rich in characters, all stemming in some relationship from the 
old Colonel, to whom the present became less and less real, his 
memories of the past, in the shadow of the Confederate flag, all 
that were vital. There are descriptions of New Orleans, and of a 
plantation up the river, both before and after the Civil War. There 
are scenes in the lives of white and black, slaves and their owners, 
impoverished aristocrats and their servants, and the children of 
both. Rarely has the racial problem in the South, the advantages 
and disadvantages of each race to itself and to the other, been 
shown with greater impartiality. A contrasting figure is a modern 
politician, thinly disguised under the nickname of the "King-frog." 
Cinnamon Seed is an absorbing, powerful book. 

"So Red the Rose/' says Ellen Glasgow, "is the best of Mr. 
Young's novels. It is, moreover, in my judgment the best and most 
completely realized novel of the Deep South in the Civil War that 
has yet been written. The scene is the old Natchez neighborhood, 
with the places of lovely names: Portobello, Montrose, Green 
Leaves, Magnolia Vale, Bowling Green, Clifton. Yet beneath the 
regional spirit and atmosphere there is an integrity of structure 
which identifies these people with human beings in every age in any 
part of the world." The McGehees and their kin, the Bedfords, 
wealthy Mississippi planters, represent the flower of the gracious 



30 



ADVENTURES IN READING 



civilization prevalent among the aristocracy of the old South. The 
things they lived for and cherished, they also died for. The book 
leaves us with Agnes, three years after she had journeyed to the 
battlefield of Shiloh, to bring home the body of her son. She may 
live many years longer, but in spirit she will never be far from 
Shiloh. 

Carl Carmer is a northerner who lived in Alabama for six years, 
teaching in the State University, and spending his spare time in 
visiting the different parts of the state, noting down characteristics, 
peculiarities, customs and superstitions. The result is Stars Fell on 
Alabama, sketches and tales of white folks and black, of dances 
and all-day singing, black ritual, the Ku Klux Klan, Tombigbee 
outlaws, lynching, conjure women and the bayou country. He has 
succeeded in giving a panoramic and vivid impression of all sorts 
and classes of people in the State of Alabama. It seems that once 
in Alabama occurred "the year the stars fell," and Alabama has 
never been the same since — never the same as it used to be, and 
never at all like any other stretch of territory. 

Subjects for Study 

1. Cinnamon Seed, by Hamilton Basso 

a. Describe the settings, New Orleans and the plantation, 
before and after the Civil War. 

b. The story of Colonel Langley Blackheath. 

c. What do you think of the device of the italics? 

d. Dekker, and other members of the family. 

e. The negroes. Contrast Horace and Sam, the old and 
new generation. 

/. Harry Brand. 
Additional References : 

Saxon, Lyle. Fabulous New Orleans; Old Louisiana. 

2. So Red the Rose, by Stark Young 

a, Tell the story of the book in some detail, reading oc- 
casional passages to illustrate its special charm. 

b. Discuss, "If you would understand what was best in 
the old South, its attitude toward life, you will find 
them here." 



THE DEEP SOUTH 



31 



c. Does the poem, whence comes the title, seem appropri- 
ate? It is from the Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam. 

Additional References: 

Young, Stark. Heaven Trees; The Torches Flare; River House. 

Novels of Mississippi life. 
Renard, Frances. Ridgways. Five generations of a Kentucky family. 

3. Stars Fell on Alabama, by Carl Carmer 

a. Read the Foreword, and other chapters which appeal 
particularly to the leader. 

b. Afterword. 

c. The poetry of the writing. 

d. The book is capable of provoking violent differences 
of opinion. If such differences exist in your club a dis- 
cussion would be interesting. 

Additional Reference : 

Bradford, Roark. Let the Band Play Dixie. 



CHAPTER XIV 



APPRECIATION OF ART 

Two attractive little books, published almost simultaneously this 
spring, interpret Art, and strive to show wherein its appreciation 
enriches our lives. Mr. Goodhart-Rendel is the Slade Professor of 
Fine Art at Oxford. He includes painting, sculpture, architecture, 
and also music, literature and drama in the field of Fine Art. He 
even admits Useful Arts to the discussion, defining them as existing 
to serve a material end, they "must serve and may please," while 
Fine Arts exist to touch men's thought and emotion, they "must 
please and may serve." His book is scholarly, at times philosophical, 
and perhaps a bit above the layman's head; but it also gives said 
layman something to chew upon, which when properly digested 
should be stimulating to the whole system. The last chapter on the 
"Criticism of Art" contains a delightful analysis of right and wrong 
methods in contemporary criticism. 

Miss Lockie Parker's lucidly-written Art and People is a per- 
sonal interpretation of Art, discussing its use as an ornament, an 
escape, an enrichment; its position in America; art and the machine 
age; theories of esthetics; the characteristics of the artist; and 
self-expression through art forms for the layman. She says, "To 
sum up, art provides us with a pleasing background which makes 
living more gracious; it offers a mode of escape from the troubles 
and limitations that none of us are without; it may inspire us to 
emulation of characters we admire; it broadens our comprehension 
of the significance of our experiences and those of others; awakens 
and nourishes and strengthens the feelings ; and now and then it 
gives that particular emotion, ecstasy, which is of so priceless a 
quality that there is no standard by which to measure it, one of 
those rare emotions which redeem life from monotony, triviality 
and futility." 

Thomas Craven's story of Modern Art is told largely through 
sketches of the men who have made it : Van Gogh, Gauguin, Matisse, 
Picasso, Modigliani, Grosz ; with several chapters devoted to modern 
American art. It is refreshing to find a critic of undoubted authority, 
boldly expressing his opinions, praising enthusiastically, but also 



APPRECIATION OF ART 



33 



castigating without reservation certain phases of modern art which 
have in the past been approached with reverence. Says Mr. Craven, 
"Modern painting, since the death of Cezanne, runs amuck through 
a succession of cults, and ends, exhausted and impotent, in the 
present School of Paris. These cults, with their pompous denomina- 
tions, are merely technical schisms; today they are all dead, and for 
the most part, forgotten; a few years ago they were screamingly 
active, and any one capable of enunciating their special mysteries, 
or even of distinguishing one sect from another, was esteemed 
as a critic of enviable penetration. Cubism, Futurism, Orphism, 
Synchronism, Purism, Expressionism, Integralism, Vorticism, 
Dada-ism, Sur-Realism — what an agony of effort, of rampant 
conceit, of swollen sensitivity!" 

Mr. Craven's thesis is that art in our day must spring out of 
the vivid and common life of the time, and that those who have 
refused to accept the challenge of reality must inevitably lose their 
appeal. 

Subjects for Study 

1. The Appreciation of Art 

a. What is Art; Fine Arts; Useful Arts? 
6. Materials and making of Art. 

c. Art and the Machine Age. 

d. The enjoyment of Art. 

e. The criticism of Art. 

/. Self expression through art forms for the layman. 

References: 

Goodhart-Rendel, H. S. Fine Art. 
Parker, Lockie. Art and People. 
Bibliography in Miss Parker's book. 

2. Modern Art, by Thomas Craven 

a. Paris, home of the artists — How it inspires and limits 
them. 

b. Van Gogh and Gauguin. 

c. Matisse, Picasso, Modigliani and Grosz — Their lives 
and works. 

d. The Modernist theory, its value and moral. 



34 



ADVENTURES IN READING 



e. America as a background and home for artists. 
4 /. Some of the artists it has produced. 
A dditional References : 

Cheney, Sheldon. Expressionism in Art. 
Craven, Thomas. Men of Art. 

Read, H. E. Art Now: an Introduction to the Theory of Modern Art 
and Sculpture. 

Whitaker, C. H. Barneses to Rockefeller: a Story of Architecture 
Through the Ages. 



CHAPTER XV 



THE WILD WEST NOT SO LONG AGO 

There was gold in them thar hills — or rather silver — and there 
is sound knowledge and entertainment in George D. Lyman's story 
of the first boom in Virginia City, Nevada, in '59 and the years 
following. At first the miners were prospecting for gold, and the 
"blue stuff" mixed in with it only got in their way and was impa- 
tiently thrown out. But finally it was analyzed and discovered to be 
silver, and, to quote J. H. Jackson of the San Francisco Chronicle, 
"The next four years saw 40,000 men on the mountain and the 
mines turning out twenty to thirty millions a year. It was a fine 
party and everybody came. It is out of the stories of the men who 
came to that party that Dr. Lyman makes his book." Here, for 
instance, is the story of Sandy Bowers and Eilly Orrum and their 
magnificent, pathetic mansion on Lake Washoe, with its Bohemian 
glass skylights and silver doorknobs; of Judge Terry, who came 
hoping to swing Washoe for the Confederacy; of George Hearst, 
Sam Brown, and Mark Twain, whose connection with the Terri- 
torial Enterprise redounds with amusing situations. Many books 
have been written about the "ghost cities" of the West, but it is 
doubtful if many of them reincarnate the days of the past so 
successfully and so graphically as the Saga of the Comstock Lode. 

Out on the Pacific Coast, thirty and forty years later, the West 
was still in many ways a crude frontier, easy-going and provincial. 
Murder was common and graft rampant. To this scene came Earl 
Rogers, brilliant young lawyer, who freed killers by methods so 
dramatic and ingenious that whenever he appeared as the defense 
attorney in a big case the courtroom was crowded. The emotion 
provoked by the earlier pages of Take the Witness is indignation 
at the obvious and repeated frustration of justice, at the success of 
Rogers' boast that he always won acquittal for his client. This 
however is swallowed up in the larger revelation of the way in 
which American criminal courts are conducted, the loop-holes left 
open to a clever lawyer who is trying to impede justice. The 
indictment is not so much of Rogers as of the system, and what it 
allows him to get away with. Undoubtedly his clever inventiveness, 



36 



ADVENTURES IN READING 



his play-acting, make diverting reading. His pitiful downfall is 
repeated in the lives of other remarkable men — Edgar Allan Poe, 
Stephen Foster, William J. Fallon, Rogers' New York counterpart. 
There seems to be a type of mind allied to genius which is compelled 
to find relief in liquor to an increasing and finally ruinous extent. 
Perhaps, as Rogers' daughter Adela Rogers St. Johns suggests in 
her preface, the mind is so active that rest and sleep are impossible 
without artificial stimulation. 

Subjects for Study 

1. The Saga of the Comstoch Lode, by George D. Lyman 

a. "Blue-stuff"— The Grosches— Comstock— Call of Washoe. 

b. Arrival of the boys — Building up of the City — The 
mines. 

c. The Territorial Enterprise and Mark Twain. 

d. Law and lawyers — Flush times — Amusements. 

e. Washoe and the Civil War — State of Nevada. 
/. On to El Dorado. 

Additional References : 

Lyman, G. D. John Marsh, Pioneer. 

Michelson, Miriam. The Wonderlode of Silver and Gold. 

2. Take the Witness, by Alfred Cohn and Joe Chisholm 

a. Early training and extensive knowledge. 

b. Courtroom tricks and ruses. 

c. Most unusual murder cases. 

d. San Francisco graft prosecutions — Clarence Darrow. 

e. "For all his superlative skill, Rogers was essentially a 
pettifogger." Discuss this. 

Additional References : 

Darrow, Clarence. The Story of My Life. 

Fowler, Gene. The Great Mouthpiece, a Life Story of William J. Fal- 
lon. 



SPECIAL REFERENCE BIBLIOGRAPHY 



Numerals refer to chapters in which titles are used. 



Adamic, Louis 


The Native's Return. 1934. (12) 


Harper 


$2.75 


Anderson, Maxwell 


Mary of Scotland. 1934. (8) 


Doubleday 


2.00 


Anthony, Irvin 


Ralegh and His World. 1934. (6) 


Scribner 


3.25 


Basso, Hamilton 


Cinnamon Seed. 1934. (13) 


Scribner 


2.25 


Bentley, Phyllis 


A Modern Tragedy. 1934. (1) 


Macmillan 


2.50 


Bodin, Walter 


It's a Small World. 1934. (11) 


Coward 


3.00 


Bottome, Phyllis 


Private Worlds. 1934. (1) 


Houghton 


2.50 


Buck, Pearl S. 


The Mother. 1934. (10) 


Day 


2.50 


Carmer, Carl 


Stars Fell on Alabama. 1934. (13) 


Farrar 


3.00 


Cohn, Alfred 


"Take the Witness." 1934. (15) 


Stokes 


2.50 


Craven, Thomas 


Modern Art. 1934. (14) 


Simon 


O. 1 O 


Du Parcq, Georges 


Crime Reporter. 1934. (7) 




2.50 


Duranty, Walter 


Duranty Reports Russia. 1934. (4) 


V lKlilg 




Feuchtwanger, Lion The Oppermanns. 1934. (9) 


V living 




Goodhart-Rendel, 


Fine Art. 1934. (14) 


Oxford 


l.OU 


H. S. 








Halle, Fannina W. 


Woman in Soviet Russia. 1933. (4) 


V LtHIlg 




Kingsley, Sidney 


Men in White. 1933. (8) 


Covici 


9 on 


Lengyel, Emil 


New Deal in Europe. 1934. (12) 


X 1 UI1K. 




Lyman, George D. 


The Saga of the Comstock Lode. 


Scribner 


a.OU 




1934. (15) 






McConaughy, John 


Who Rules America? 1934. (2) 


Longmans 


o.uu 


Marshall, A. 


The Claimants. 1934. (5) 


Houghton 


o r\n 


Muggeridge, M. 


Winter in Moscow. 1934. (3) 


Little 


A.OV 


Parker, Lockie 


Art and People. 1934. (14) 


Day 


l.i a 


Rinehart, Mary R. 


The State Versus Elinor Norton. 


Farrar 


2.00 




1934. (10) 






Roosevelt, F. D. 


On Our Way. 1934. (2) 


Day 


2.50 


Sharp, Margery 


The Flowering Thorn. 1934. (5) 


Putnam 


2.50 


Sinclair, Gordon 


Cannibal Quest. 1934. (7) 


Farrar 


9 Kf\ 


Steinberg, Milton 


The Making of the Modern Jew. 


Bobbs 


2.50 




1934. (9) 






Tchernavin, T. 


Escape from the Soviets. 1934. (3) 


Dutton 


2.50 


Wald, Lillian D. 


Windows on Henry Street. 1934. (11) Little 


3.00 


Winston, Robert W. 


Robert E. Lee. 1934. (6) 


Morrow 


4.00 


Young, Stark 


So Red the Rose. 1934. (13) 

* 


Scribner 


2.50 



ADDRESSES OF PUBLISHERS WHOSE BOOKS ARE USED 
AS SPECIAL REFERENCES 



The following publishers have books listed in this outline, and oppor- 
tunity is here taken to thank those who have generously given us review 
copies of the books used and recommended. 

Numerals indicate chapters in which the books are used. 
Bobbs-Merrill Co., 724 N. Meridian St., Indianapolis. (9) 
Covici, Friede, Inc., 386 Fourth Ave., New York. (8) 
Coward-McCann, Inc., 55 Fifth Ave., New York. (11) 
Day (John) Co., Inc., 386 Fourth Ave., New York. (2, 10, 14) 
Doubleday, Doran & Co., Inc., Garden City, New York. (8) 
Dutton, (E. P.) & Co., Inc., 300 Fourth Ave., New York. (3) 
Farrar & Rinehart, Inc., 232 Madison Ave., New York. (7, 10, 13) 
Funk & Wagnalls Co., 354 Fourth Ave., New York. (12) 
Harper & Bros., 49 East 33d St., New York. (12) 
Houghton Mifflin Co., 2 Park St., Boston. (1, 5) 
Little, Brown & Co., 34 Beacon St., Boston. (3, 11) 
Longmans, Green & Co., 114 Fifth Ave., New York. (2) 
McBride (Robert M.) & Co., 4 West Sixteenth St., New York. (7) 
Macmillan Co., 60 Fifth Ave., New York. (1) 
Morrow (William) & Co., 386 Fourth Ave., New York. (6) 
Oxford University Press, 114 Fifth Ave., New York. (14) 
Putnam's (G. P.) Sons, 2 West 45th St., New York. (5) 
Scribner's (Charles) Sons, 597 Fifth Ave., New York. (6, 13, 15) 
Simon & Shuster, 386 Fourth Ave., New York. (14) 
Stokes (Frederick A.) Co., 443 Fourth Ave., New York. (15) 
Viking Press, 18 East 48th St., New York. (4, 9) 



ADDITIONAL REFERENCE BIBLIOGRAPHY 



Adamic, Louis Dynamite. 1934. (12) Viking $2.00 

Adamic, Louis Laughing in the Jungle. 1932. (12) Harper 3.00 

Allison-Booth, Hell's Outpost. 1931. (7) Minton 2.50 

W. E. 

Barbusse, Henri Stalin. 1934. (4) Macmillan 3.50 

Bentley, Phyllis Carr. 1933. (1) Macmillan 2.00 

Bentley, Phyllis Inheritance. 1932. (1) Macmillan 2.50 

Bentley, Phyllis Spinner of the Years. 1934. (1) Macmillan 2.50 

Bradford, Gamaliel Lee the American. 1927. (6) Houghton 1.00 

Bradford, Roark Let the Band Play Dixie. 1934. (13) Harper 2.00 

Browne, Lewis How Odd of God. 1934. (9) Macmillan 2.50 

Buck, Pearl The Good Earth. 1931. (10) Day 2.50 

Buck, Pearl Sons. 1932. (10) Day 2.50 

Buell, R. L. New Governments in Europe. 

1934. (12) Nelson 2.00 

Cheney, Sheldon Expressionism in, Art. 1934. (14) Liveright 5.00 

Cohen, H. L. One-Act Plays by Modem Authors. Harcourt 2.00 

1934. (8) 

Coulson, Thomas Mata Hari. 1930. (7) Blue Ribbon 1.00 

Craven, Thomas Men of Art. 1931. (14) Simon 3.75 

Darrow, Clarence The Story of My Life. 1932. (15) Scribner 1.00 

Davis, W. S. Life in Elizabethan Days. 1930. (6) Harper 3.50 

De La Mare, 

Walter Memoirs of a Midget. 1922. (11) Knopf 1.00 

Durstine, R. S. Bed Thunder. 1934. (3) Scribner 2.00 

Eddy, G. S. Russia Today. 1934. (3) Farrar 2.50 

Fowler, Gene The Great Mouthpiece. 1931. (15) Blue Ribbon 1.00 

Gribble, L. R. Famous Feats of Detection and 

Deduction. 1934. (7) Doubleday 2.00 

Howard, Sidney 

& De Kruif, Paul Yellow Jack. 1934. (8) Harcourt 2.00 

Kirkland, Jack Tobacco Road. 1934. (8) Viking 2.00 

Lorentz, Pare The Roosevelt Year. 1934. (2) Funk 2.75 

Lyman, G. D. John Marsh, Pioneer. 1930. (15) Scribner 3.50 

Mantle, Burns Best Plays of 1933-84. 1934. (8) Dodd 3.00 

Marshall, Archibald Out and About. 1934. (5) Dutton 3.50 
Michelson, Miriam The Wonderlode of Silver and Gold. 

1934. (15) Stratford 2.50 
Monkhouse, Allan Moscow, 1911-1938. 1934. (3) Little 3.50 
Olden, Balder Blood and Tears. 1934. (9) Appleton 2.00 
Pokrovsky, M. N. Brief History of Russia. 1934. (4) Interna- 
tional 4.00 

Read, H. E. Art Now. 1934. (14) Harcourt 3.75 



40 



ADDITIONAL REFERENCE BIBLIOGRAPHY 



Renard, Frances 
Ruppin, Arthur 

Saxon, Lyle 
Saxon, Lyle 
Shanks, H. T. 

Sharp, Margery 
Sharp, Margery 
Sholakhov, Mikhail 
Sinister, G. M. 
Sinclair, Gordon 
Tchirikova, Olga 
Toller, Ernst 
Tolstoy, Countess 

Alexandra 
Tretiakov, S. 
Unofficial Observer 
Wald, L. D. 

Whitaker, C. H. 
Wicksteed, 

Alexander 
Winter, J. K. 
Wylie, I. A. R. 
Young, Stark 
Young, Stark 
Young, Stark 



Ridgways. 1934. (13) Stokes 2.50 
The Jews in the Modem World. 

1934. (9) Macmillan 5.00 

Fabulous New Orleans. 1928. (13) Appleton 5.00 

Old Louisiana. 1929. (13) Appleton 5.00 
The Secession Movement in Virginia. Garrett & 

1934. (6) Massie 3.00 

Fanfare for Tin, Trumpets. 1933. (5) Putnam 2.50 

Rhododendron Pie. 1930. (5) Appleton 2.50 

And Quiet Flows the Don. 1934. (4) Knopf 3.00 

Strong Man Rules. 1934. (12) Appleton 2.00 

Foot-loose in India, 1933. (7) Farrar 2.50 

Sandrik: Child of Russia. 1934. (3) Dodd 2.00 

I Was a German, 1934. (9) Morrow 2.75 

I Worked for the Soviet. 1934. (3) Yale 3.00 

A Chinese Testament. 1934. (10) Simon 3.00 

The New Dealers. 1934. (2) Simon 2.75 
The House on Henry Street. 

1915. (11) Holt 2.50 

Rameses to Rockefeller. 1934. (14) Random 

House 3.50 

My Russian Neighbors. 1934. (4) McGraw 1.75 

The Shining Hour. 1934. (8) Doubleday 1.50 

To the Vanquished. 1934. (9) Doubleday 2.50 

Heaven Trees. 1926. (13) Scribner 2.00 

River House. 1929. (13) Scribner 2.50 

The Torches Flare. 1928. (13) Scribner 2.50 



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The registration fee for the course, Adventures in Reading, 
Seventh Series, is $7.00 in North Carolina, $10.00 elsewhere. For 
this fee ten copies of the program are supplied and all necessary 
Special References for preparing papers are loaned. The clubs pays 
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SCHEDULE OF MEETINGS 



First Chapter: Novels of Character and Situation 

Date 

1. A Modern Tragedy, by Phyllis Bentley 

2. Private Worlds, by Phyllis Bottome 

Second Chapter: America: Past Corruption and Future Hope 

Date 

1. Who Rules America? by John McConaughy 

2. On Our Way, by Franklin D. Roosevelt 

Third Chapter: Soviet Russia, the Dark Side 

Date 

1. Escape from the Soviets, by Tatiana Tchernavin 

2. Winter in Moscow, by Malcolm Muggeridge 

Fourth Chapter: Soviet Russia, the Bright Side 

Date 

1. Woman of Soviet Russia, by Fannina W. Halle 

2. Duranty Reports Russia, by Walter Duranty 

Fifth Chapter: English Country Life Date 

1. Flowering Thorn, by Margery Sharp 

2. The Claimants, by Archibald Marshall 

Sixth Chapter: Lee and Raleigh Date 

1. Robert E. Lee, by Robert W. Winston 

2. Ralegh and his World, by Irvin Anthony 

Seventh Chapter: Crimes and Cannibals Date 

1. Crime Reporter, by Georges Du Parcq 

2. Cannibal Quest, by Gordon Sinclair 

Eighth Chapter: Dramaric Hits of 1933-34 Date 

1. Men In White, by Sidney Kingsley 

2. Mary of Scotland, by Maxwell Anderson 

Ninth Chapter: Jews in History and in Fiction 

Date 

1. The Making of the Modern Jew, by Milton Steinberg 

2. The Oppermanns, by Lion Feuchtwanger 



ADVENTURES IN READING 



43 



Tenth Chapter: Simplicity and Sophistication 

Date 

1. The Mother, by Pearl Buck 

2. The State Versus EUnor Norton, by Mary Roberts Rinehart 



Eleventh Chapter: Handicapped Humanity Date 

1. Windows on Henry Street, by Lillian D. Wald 

2. It's a Small World, by Walter Bodin & Burnet Hershey 

Twelfth Chapter: New Deals in Europe Date 

1. The New Deal in Europe, by Emil Lengyel 

2. The Native's Return,, by Louis Adamic 



Thirteenth Chapter: The Deep South Date 

1. Cinnamon Seed, by Hamilton Basso 

2. So Red the Rose, by Stark Young 

3. Stars Fell on Alabama, by Carl Carmer 



Fourteenth Chapter: Appreciation of Art Date 

1. The Appreciation of Art 

Fine Art, by H. S. Goodhart-Rendel 
Art and People, by Lockie Parker 

2. Modern, Art, by Thomas Craven 

Fifteenth Chapter: The Wild West Not So Long Ago 

Date 

1. The Saga of the Comstock Lode, by George D. Lymain. 

2. Take the Witness, by Alfred Cohn & Joe Chisholm. 



Name of Club Registration No, 

Name and Address of Chairman of Program Committee 



NIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA 
EXTENSION BULLETINS 
OUTLINES FOR INDIVIDUAL AND GROUP STUDY 
Single copies, 50 cents each. For North Carolina clubs, single copies, 25 cents each. 

Studies in the History of North Carolina. R. D. W. Connor. 
Studies in Citizenship for Women. Revised Edition. D. D. Carroll 
Present Day Literature: Good Books of 1923-192U. C. S. Love. 
Great Composers, 1600-1900. Paul John Weaver. 
Good Books of 192U-192S. Cornelia S. Love. 
Studies in the History of Contemporary Europe. C. P. Hlgby. 
A Study of Shakspere. Russell Potter. 

Studies in Southern Literature. Revised Edition. Addison Hibbard. 
Current Books: 1925-1926. Cornelia Spencer Love. 
A Study Course in International One-Act Plays. Ethel T. Rockwell. 
Studies in the Development of the Short Story: English and 

American. L. B. Wright. 
Studies in Modern Drama. Revised Edition. Elizabeth L. Green. 
Pre~School Child Study Programs. Harold D. Meyer. 
Studies in American Literature. Revised Edition. Addison Hibbard. 
Modern French Art. Russell Potter. 

Adventures in Reading: Current Books, 1926-1927. Russell Potter. 
Our Heritage: A Study Through Literature of the American 

Tradition. James Holly Hanford. 
The Negro in Contemporary American Literature. E. L. Green. 
Other People's Lives: A Biographical Round-up. Current Books, 

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Contemporary Southern Literature. Howard Mumford Jones. 
Recent Poetry from the South. Addison Hibbard. 
Contemporary Spanish Literature in English Translation. Agatha 

Boyd Adams and Nicholson B. Adams. 
Adventures in Reading, Second Series: Current Books, 1928-1929. 
Russell Potter. 

A Study of South America. W. W. Pierson, Jr., and C. S. Love. 

A Study of American Art and Southern Artists of Note. Mary 
deB. Graves. 

A Study Course in American One-Act Plays. Revised Edition. 

Ethel T. Rockwell. 
Folklore. Ralph Steele Boggs. 

The French Novel in English Translation. U. T. Holmes, Jr. 
Art History. Mary deB. Graves. 

The South in Contemporary Literature. Addison Hibbard. 
Adventures in Reading, Third Series: Current Books, 1929-1930. 

Marjorie N. Bond and Richmond P. Bond. 
Other People's Lives, Second Series. 1929-1930. C. S. Love. 
America and her Music. Lamar Stringfleld. 
Studies in Confederate Leadership. Fletcher M. Green. 
Books of Travel. Revised Edition. Urban T. Holmes, Jr. 
Adventures in Reading, Fourth Series: Current Books, 1930-1981. 

Marjorie N. Bond and Richmond P. Bond. 
The Far East, with Special Reference to China, its Culture, 

Civilization, and History. James Alexander Robertson. 
Heroes of the American Revolution. Fletcher M. Green. 
Romance of the Western Frontier. Fletcher M. Green. 
Modern Russia. Eston Everett Ericson and Ervid Eric Ericson. 
Famous Women of Yesterday and Today. Cornelia S. Love. 
Twentieth-Century American Literature. Revised Edition of Con- 
temporary American Literature. Marjorie N. Bond. 
Other People's Lives, Third Series. 1932-1933. Cornelia S. Love 
Everyday Science. C. E. Preston. 

Adventures in Reading, Sixth Series: Current Books, 1933. Mar- 
jorie N. Bond. 



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Terms for Individuals or Groups. For a registration fee of $3.00 to $7.00 in North 
Carolina, $6.00 to $10.00 elsewhere, ten copies of the chosen program are supplied and 
all necessary references for the preparation of papers and discussions. All clubs pay 
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grams over ten are 25 and 50 cents. 

Further Information. Write to The University of North Carolina Library, Extension 
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